Consultations

What should a childhood cancer survivor be aware of?

Cancer survivors who received specific treatment have higher risk of overweight, cardiovascular diseases and repeated tumors.

Factors which can in larger degree cause (or aggravate) these diseases are radiotherapy  in cancer treatment, anthracycline group antibiotics (doxorubicine, rubomycinum), bleomycine and alkylating agents (cyclophosphan, iphosphamide, etc)

That is why cancer survivors should take thorough care of their health. It is important to know your genetic features (family susceptibility to different illnesses). For example, risk factors could be breast cancer at young age on a mother’s side or premature CAD/CHD on a father’s side. Besides, your lifestyle plays a significant role.

(Professor, Doctor of Medical Science Belogurova Margarita Borisovna, head of the Childhood Cancer and Oncohaematology Department of the city hospital #31 in St.Petersburg).

 

Some advice to cancer survivors.

First of all, you should remember your diagnoses and specific details of the undergone treatment.

Second, you should be aware of the risk factors connected with the disease and the undergone treatment, because there is a possibility of the devious consequences of the treatment.   

Third, you should keep in mind the factors increasing risk of health problems.

Fourth, you should know your family genetic susceptibility to different illnesses, especially to cardiovascular diseases, overweight, and to build the strategy of your behavior with the aim to reduce possibility of such diseases.

(Professor, Doctor of Medical Science Belogurova Margarita Borisovna, head of the Childhood Cancer and Oncohaematology Department of the city hospital #31 in St.Petersburg).

 

Priority measures to protect health of cancer survivors.

  1. Not to smoke under any circumstances.
  2. To minimize alcohol drinking.
  3. To avoid direct sunbeams – not to sunbathe, to use sunscreen lotions, not to expose your unprotected body to the ultraviolet rays.
  4. To take whole-grain products, fresh fruit and vegetables in food – not less than 5 pieces a day, you should consume less meat.
  5. To spend at least half an hour per week for exercising.
  6. To watch your weight.
  7. To have regular preventive medical examination to avoid possible missing of illnesses. Also, we want to ask parents to feel free and contact doctors in case they have questions, doubts or concerns about their child's condition even if it is a minor one. 
  8. For young ladies – to have preventive breast cancer examinations. For women at the age 20-40 – to have appointments with oncologists every three years. If during anticancer medical treatment a girl received a radiotherapy reaching breast area, she has to undergo examinations every six months and to have mammographic exams annually.   

(Professor, Doctor of Medical Science Belogurova Margarita Borisovna, head of the Childhood Cancer and Oncohaematology Department of the city hospital #31 in St.Petersburg).

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